Combat 18 Is there a group or symbol that should be represented here that you feel is missing?
They fought over the rise of prohibition, immigration restriction and the resurgence of a Second Ku Klux Klan. The debate over immigration, and its restriction, was a cause of major social tensions in the decade of the s. The multi ethnic society of the decade was of great concern to the majority of white, Anglo-Saxon, protestant Americans.
At this time, farming was in crisis and there were few economic opportunities in rural areas, so a migration of rural Americans to the cities occurred as people searched for work. However these Old Stock rural people found themselves competing for work with immigrants. Maldwyn Allen Jones identifies four main reasons for an overwhelming demand for immigration restriction in the s 2.
Firstly, Jones sees the eruption of nativism as causing social tensions, and particularly identifies World War One as having added to a growing anti-immigrant sentiment. The conflict of the War demanded loyalty from Americans, and complete conformity to the American way of life.
However, there emerged a mass hysteria against German-Americans and complaints of divided German-American loyalty.
The War also gave America a general anti-foreign, disillusioned and isolationist mood. It did not appear to the Old Stock that their processes of educating recent immigrants in the ways of America and citizenship, in the values of their democracy was achieving anything.
Their disappointment resulted in a nationalist outburst, stressing the need for social unity, in a time of fear and sometimes hysterical hatred of foreigners. It was these New Immigrants that were the main focus of Nativists.
Slavs and Italians were often used a strike breakers in the late s, which annoyed the white unions. Finally, Jones points to a rise in racial science, particularly the Eugenics movement, for increasing racial bias against immigrants in the s.
Their anxieties led to the formation of the Immigration Restriction League in It was this that spearheaded the restrictionist movement. Scientists also began to regard racial differences as hereditary and immutable unchangeable.
There was also a rise in the Eugenics movement, which emphasised that biological significance of hereditary characteristics and warned against the consequences of breeding from an inferior stock. Their teachings were eagerly seized upon by nativists who were already concerned fro the survival of Anglo-Saxon stock.
Due to these social tensions and the triumph of the Old American Stock over the New Immigrants, legislation was introduced to restrict the numbers and origins of immigrants into the United States.
In the Emergency Quota Act was enacted into law. This restricted immigration in any future year to three per cent of each nationality represented in the census, with a ceiling of total immigrants.
However, these laws were highly restrictive on immigration from New Immigrants and Asia, which embodies the racial hostilities of the framers 6. Following the legislation, which was designed to only be a temporary measure, racial scientist, Eugenicists, nativists and nationalists pressed congress for the legislation to become permanent.
In they realised their success when the Johnson-Reed act became law on the 26th of May. This legislation reduced the quota allowed to two per cent, and changed the base level to the census.
This almost entirely excluded Asians and Eastern Europeans, as their immigration had been very low previous to America had effectively blocked the way of immigrant groups they saw as less desirable. It is difficult to judge the social impact of the Johnson Reed Act as the Great Depression followed soon after.
However, the social tensions created between the immigrant community and the Old Stock of white, American protestants were rife in s society.
Prohibition and opposition to immigration were led in organisational form by the Ku Klux Klan. The Klan was reformed inin Georgia, by William J.Throughout this period, racial tensions exploded, most violently in Chicago, and lynchings—mob-directed hangings, usually racially motivated—increased dramatically in the s.
Urban riots—whites attacking blacks—became a northern problem. s Consumer Culture; Espionage in the American Revolution; Specifically, the lesson introduces students to the reasons behind racial violence, provides images of the violence, and to African-American and mainstream society's response to the violence.
To provide students with an overview of racial violence in America as it has been. This period study focuses on the development of America during a turbulent half century of change.
It was a period of expansion and consolidation – the expansion to the west and consolidation of the United States as a nation. America Has a Big Race Problem during the past two decades consistently show more than three-quarters of us don't believe we have a problem with racial tension in America.
Fewer and fewer. Ten years ago, I dated a man who said to me many curious and indeed bizarre things over the course of the nine months we spent together. I wrote down many of these statements, transcribing them verbatim, inserting myself only insofar as I managed order, stanza structure, and line-break.
Ten years ago, I dated a man who said to me many curious and indeed bizarre things over the course of the nine months we spent together. I wrote down many of these statements, transcribing them verbatim, inserting myself only insofar as I managed order, stanza structure, and line-break.