By the 13th century, Hindustan emerged as a popular alternative name of Indiameaning the "land of Hindus". These texts used it to distinguish Hindus from Muslims who are called Yavanas foreigners or Mlecchas barbarianswith the 16th-century Chaitanya Charitamrita text and the 17th-century Bhakta Mala text using the phrase "Hindu dharma". The term Hinduism, then spelled Hindooism, was introduced into the English language in the 18th-century to denote the religious, philosophical, and cultural traditions native to India. In India the term dharma is preferred, which is broader than the western term religion.
Hare Krishna There are many different expressions of Hindu belief. Many of the different expressions are relatively small and localized, and people in the West have never heard of them. There are a few, however, which have become known in the Western world.
The reasons various ones have become more well known are Krishna and hinduism worldview. Some because they have enough adherents to be recognized as major religions — such as Hinduism or Buddhism. Others because a missionary has come over and somehow made them visible to the public — such as Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and his Transcendental Meditation.
In other cases, some famous actor or musician has converted to it and made a point of spreading the word — for instance, Buddhism with Steven Segal. In the case of Hare Krishna, it is sort of a combination of all three.
The basis of the religion reaches way back into the Hindu tradition. But the modern form is much more recent and has been spread by very missionary minded adherents who chant their mantras in public places and sell their books in order to spread the word.
This belief system was very visible in America in the s and 70s as we saw adherents in their robes chanting in airports and other public places. They are not seen nearly as much in America now as they were then, but they are still around. In current times, its greatest growth is being seen in Eastern Europe and in India.
History The Hare Krishna faith dates back to the 15th century A. Mahaprabu, himself, is regarded by Hare Krishna believers as a human incarnation of Krishna. Whereas mainstream Hinduism regards Krishna to be the 8th incarnation of Vishnu the Preserver and one of the Hindu trinity of deitiesHare Krishnas reversed that order and regard Krishna to be the supreme Lord over all deities — including Vishnu.
Originally, Krishnaism was an attempt to make philosophical Hinduism appealing to the masses by personalizing God.
The reason this would be more popular with the masses is that the cultures which philosophical Hinduism originally came into were based in Animism. The masses were already used to understanding reality based on a worldview in which objective gods existed. By including an objective God in the mix with the major Hindu beliefs, the masses could more easily understand and identify with it.
This modern version of Krishna is commonly known as Hare Krishna, because of the first two words of their principle mantra, which goes: His main writings were word-for-word translations and commentaries into English of some of the Hindu scriptures, including the Bhagavad Gita, the Bhagavata Purana, and the Caitanya Caritamrita.
Before his death, he appointed eleven commissioners who had the authority to accept disciples and extend the organization into different countries around the world. Its income continues to come primarily from distributing its literature and from the solicitation of funds.
The organization is now run by two boards — one that focuses on the spiritual side of the movement and the other focused on administration.
Additionally, it is organized into two sectors. Sector one is an order of monks and priests who live at a temple.
The other sector is composed of congregational members who live outside of the temples in general society. Male monks shave their heads, except for a central patch called a sikha.
They also receive a Sanskrit name and wear robes to indicate they are Krishna monks. Single monks wear saffron colored robes to signify celibacy and the married ones wear white. Female residents of a temple wear traditional Indian saris and do not shave their heads. Congregation members who live outside of the temples wear regular clothing and work secular jobs.
Their sacred text is the Hindu poem Bhagavad Gita which contains conversations between Lord Krishna and a soldier named Arjuna. There are, however, a number of distinctive beliefs which depart from traditional Hindu doctrine. These distinctive doctrines include: It is believed that the body and soul are not the same and that death is a transition to the next phase of life.
How an individual acts in his or her current life will determine whether they move up, down or out of the reincarnation cycle. Breaking away is attained through the chanting of the Krishna mantra. When the Krishna mantra is recited, it is believed that a person puts himself in harmony with Krishna.
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Krishna is worshiped as the Supreme God and it is believed that individuals can achieve a personal relationship with Him. Jesus Christ is recognized as a directly empowered representative of Krishna.
Hell is understood to be a temporary destination after death for people who have sinned greatly while on earth. Heaven is also considered to be a temporary destination for people who have made progress in their quest to enter eternity but have not fully achieved the necessary qualifications.Condition: The question of condition, or problem, mainly focuses on what is wrong with the world and your surroundings or with yourself.
In the Krishna and Hinduism world view, the problem is the illusion, or Maya, that people tend to build about themselves and what surrounds them. Krishna/Hinduism Worldview - Purpose The Hindis believe that the purpose of their life is to gain good karma, follow the laws, and be a good person as they feel they will be rewarded in their next life.
Worldview: The worldview of a Hindu is based on the concept of karma, reincarnation, and caste. In fact, religion permeates every phase of existence. Ontology: The concept of three worlds is popular. Krishna Janmashtami (Devanagari कृष्ण जन्माष्टमी, IAST: Kṛṣṇa Janmāṣṭamī), also known simply as Janmashtami or Gokulashtami, is an annual Hindu festival that celebrates the birth of Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu.
Hindu Worldviews by Rajiv Malhotra Krishna and others. Already, Jesus is often included in the Hindu pantheon of 'gods' and worshipped in many temples. h. The immense variety of yoga signifies that different people need different paths and practices.
The interwoven and collective nature of all existence in the Hindu worldview means that. Krishna: Krishna, one of the most widely revered and most popular of all Indian divinities, worshipped as the eighth incarnation (avatar, or avatara) of the Hindu god Vishnu and also as a supreme god in his own right.
Krishna became the focus of numerous bhakti (devotional) cults, which have over the Hinduism: The rise of the major sects.