He died in Geneva on September 16, He was the oldest child of Arthur Piaget, professor of medieval literature at the University, and of Rebecca Jackson. This short paper is generally considered as the start of a brilliant scientific career made of over sixty books and several hundred articles. His interest for mollusks was developed during his late adolescence to the point that he became a well-known malacologist by finishing school.
Rousseau helped transform the Western world from a rigidly stratified, frequently despotic civilization into a predominantly democratic civilization dedicated to assuring the dignity and fulfillment of the individual.
Early Life Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born of middle-class parents in the fiercely independent Protestant municipality of Geneva. Young Rousseau and the irresponsible Isaac often neglected sleep as they devoured their beloved romances, an escapist reading regimen that Rousseau supplemented with more substantial works by such writers as Plutarch and Michel Eyquem de Montaigne.
Left in the care of a maternal uncle, Rousseau was soon placed, along with his cousin Abraham Bernard, in the home of the Lambercier family, a Protestant minister and his sister, in the village of Bossey, a few miles outside Geneva.
The essentially carefree two years spent with the Lamberciers were followed by a short period of distasteful employment with the district registrar, and a longer apprenticeship to an engraver.
Petty thefts and other breaches of discipline earned for Rousseau, now in his teens, a series of beatings that in no way altered his recalcitrant behavior but instead augmented his hatred of authority.
After nearly three years of these confrontations, in March ofhe abandoned his apprenticeship and, with it, his native city. Released into the streets of Turin with little money, Rousseau held several jobs but eventually returned, probably by mid, to Madame de Warens.
At Lausanne, he attempted, despite insufficient knowledge of music, to conduct an orchestral work of his own composition; the performance was a fiasco. Over the next several years, Rousseau also undertook the intensive study of most other branches of human knowledge in an eminently successful effort to overcome the handicap of his earlier haphazard education.
His first minor recognition came induring his second visit to Paris, when he suggested a new method of musical notation to the Academy of Science.
While traveling to Vincennes to visit Diderot, who had been imprisoned inRousseau happened across an essay competition that would ensure his lasting fame. Had the advancement of science and art, the Academy of Dijon wished to know, improved the moral state of mankind?
Rousseau argued in the negative, and his essay, A Discourse on the Arts and Sciences, was awarded first prize on July 10, By refusing an audience with the king and then entangling himself in a dispute over the relative merits of French and Italian music, however, Rousseau almost immediately lost The entire section is 2, words.With the publication of The Social Contract in , Jean-Jacques Rousseau took his place among the leading political philosophers of the Enlightenment.
Like his contractarian predecessors (Thomas Hobbes and John Locke), Rousseau sought to ground his political theory in an understanding of human 5/5(1). This is because Rousseau's own auto-biography, "Confessions" (), is so well done and the number of sources for Rousseau's first 40 years are otherwise so weak, that writing a new biography is mostly a retelling of what Rousseau has already said.
Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean Jacques Rousseau was born on June 28, in Geneva, Switzerland.
Nine days later, his mother, Suzanne Bernard Rousseau, died due to complications from childbirth. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Jean Jacques Rousseau at ashio-midori.com Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most influential of the Enlightenment philosophers. Born in Geneva in , he spent much of his adult life in Paris, where he became involved with the.
Augustine (–) applied the title Confessions to his autobiographical work, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau used the same title in the 18th century, initiating the chain of confessional and sometimes racy and highly self-critical, autobiographies of the Romantic era and beyond.