Theory X[ edit ] Theory X is based on assumptions regarding the typical worker. Theory X managers believe all actions should be traceable to the individual responsible. This allows the individual to receive either a direct reward or a reprimand, depending on the outcome's positive or negative nature. Instead, McGregor feels that an approach located in the middle would be the most effective implementation of Theory X.
Theory of x and y? In The Human Side of EnterpriseDouglas McGregor defined two sets of assumptions about human nature and explained how these affect people's attempts to influence the… behavior of others, especially how they affect managers' attitudes toward employees.
People inherently dislike work. People must be coerced or controlled to do work to achieve objectives. People prefer to be directed. People view work as being as natural as play and rest. People will exercise self-direction and -control towards achieving objectives they are committed to.
People learn to accept and seek responsibility. By, Menaka Jayananda Explain about Theory x theory y theory z? InDouglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals employees …: According to McGregor, the perception of managers on the nature of individuals is based on various assumptions.
Assumptions of Theory X An average employee intrinsically does not like work and tries to escape it whenever possible. Since the employee does not want to work, he must be persuaded, compelled, or warned with punishment so as to achieve organizational goals.
A close supervision is required on part of managers. The managers adopt a more dictatorial style. Employees generally dislike responsibilities. An average employee needs formal direction. Assumptions of Theory Y Employees can perceive their job as relaxing and normal.
They exercise their physical and mental efforts in an inherent manner in their jobs. Employees may not require only threat, external control and coercion to work, but they can use self-direction and self-control if they are dedicated and sincere to achieve the organizational objectives.
If the job is rewarding and satisfying, then it will result in employees' loyalty and commitment to organization. An average employee can learn to admit and recognize the responsibility. In fact, he can even learn to obtain responsibility. The employees have skills and capabilities.
Their logical capabilities should be fully utilized. In other words, the creativity, resourcefulness and innovative potentiality of the employees can be utilized to solve organizational problems. Thus, we can say that Theory X presents a pessimistic view of employees' nature and behaviour at work, while Theory Y presents an optimistic view of the employees' nature and behaviour at work.
If correlate it with Maslow's theory, we can say that Theory X is based on the assumption that the employees emphasize on the physiological needs and the safety needs; while Theory X is based on the assumption that the social needs, esteem needs and the self-actualization needs dominate the employees.
Thus, he encouraged cordial team relations, responsible and stimulating jobs, and participation of all in decision-making process. Theory X encourages use of tight control and supervision.
It implies that employees are reluctant to organizational changes.McGregor's Theories and Maslow's hierarchy of needs McGregor's Theories and Maslow's hierarchy of needs Maslow's Theory of Needs Abraham Maslow's theory of hierarchy of needs explains why individuals are more inclined and motivated for certain things than others.
The Difference between McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y–Explained! Article shared by On the basis of Hawthorne studies, McGregor developed a theory and for want of .
For this assignment I will be discussing Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory and McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y. To begin with, Maslow developed his Hierarchy Theory over a period of many years during the mid twentieth century.
The Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y incorporate both internal and external work motivation and management. McGregor's sets forth two alternative views of human nature first view are called Theory-X and the second view is called Theory-Y.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: 5 Levels, Features, Evolution 8 Difference between. In , Douglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is.
Maslow's theory is based on the hierarchy of human needs. He identified five sets of human needs (on priority basis) and their satisfaction in motivating employees. Hertzberg refers to hygiene factors and motivating factors in his theory.