Period 2 Atlantic Ocean This is the ocean found on the east coast of the United States and the west coast of some European and African countries.
While immigrants and Native Americans often sought to purge themselves of undesireable elements, whether of the Old World or New, they also experimented with and embraced new ideas and different ways of doing things.
Cultural transference—ideas, methods, and products transmitted from one side of the Atlantic to the other or from one group of people to another—was thus neither complete nor unilateral.
This was especially true for the colonists. In the process of establishing their interpretations of European civilization in the new settlements, the colonists laid some of the foundations for an American civilization: A variety of factors influenced the formation of colonial society and culture, including the beliefs and social ranks of the immigrants, the people who came as leaders and those who became ones, the need or desire for laborers both free and unfreethe impact of the land and its peoples upon them, and their impact on the same.
The colonists did not always recognize changes as they occurred; but when they did, reactions ranged from satisfied acceptance to dismay, denial, or determined rejection.
Yet whether fully conscious of it or not, the colonists felt a freedom to experiment with ideas, both those imported and domestic. This experimentation was seen in the public domain of government, the public and private spheres of gender relations, and in the spiritual realm of religion.
Colonization meant hard work and hard times for everyone, but the tasks and rewards differed according to one's rank, religion, region, and, as it turned out, race. Most colonists of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, in accord with their contemporaries across the ocean, believed that social hierarchy, strict legal codes, and uniform religious beliefs and practices were essential to public order.
This appeared to be especially true in early New England when civil and religious authorities collaborated to impose order in the wilderness.
Religious equality among the saints was not supposed to translate into social equality. People were still expected to act according to their place, and that place was proscribed by birth, worth, gender, and age. The colonists faced both internal and external threats to the maintenance of an English or European-style civilization in the colonies.
Nonconformists represented the former while Indians represented the latter kind of menace.
Native Americans attacked and tried to eliminate the threat that the immigrant groups posed to their persons, property, and cultures. Some of the settlers taken prisoner over the course of the numerous raids died in captivity, others decided that they preferred the Indian way of life and stayed such rejection was a feared and despised rebuttal to a vaunted European superioritywhile still others were eventually released or managed to escape.
A few of those who returned, as they embraced even more fervently their society's beliefs and lifestyles, narrated accounts that were then used not only as cautionary tales to prove the natives to be enemies, but as allegories to describe the struggle between good and evil, civilization and barbarism, on the cultural frontier.
The struggle to survive and prosper did affect traditional gender relations to a certain degree, and to a lesser extent gender perceptions, but it did not halt the perennial conflicts between the sexes.
Indeed, there are indications that as the colonists became more secure in the American provinces the more likely they were to insist upon maintaining separate roles or spheres for men and women.
Some women, such as Anne Bradstreet, chafed at though they did not rebel against these strictures, while some men, such as Benjamin Franklin, rather smugly celebrated them even as he occasionally challenged them.
But for most people, the issue of greatest importance to gender relations was marriage to a good wife or provident husband. Bradstreet and Franklin not only noted that but commented upon and taught values by way of aphorisms.
A few of their axioms included advice on gender issues, but they passed on many others that reveal the culture of everyday life and the development of beliefs that some Americans espouse to this day. In the eighteenth century, colonial culture—the developing Anglo- or Euro-American civilization—was affected by two major cultural movements: Although there were some European Enlightenment philosophers who advocated radical social change, most provincials tended to adopt more moderate interpretations; but they not only professed these new ideas, they acted upon them.
The emphasis on reason during the Enlightenment caused some people to question their religious beliefs and practices, but it also gave ministers, and others, new ways to answer those questions as well as counter the challenges raised by life in an increasingly complex and consumerist society.
Ultimately, however, the Great Awakening focused not on the human ability to reason—an ability that varied from person to person—as the way to understand and command the natural order, but on revelation—a most democratic gift embraced by many Americans—as the route by which to comprehend God's design.
Many colonists credited God's design for the creation and expansion of Euro-American culture, but some also recognized that it was due to human design—and human accident. With some divinely inspired and others not, the colonists created a new, amalgam culture within the British empire.
Colonial Ways of Life Documents. Choose from the following titles: Colonial Ways of Life - Document Overview; A variety of factors influenced the formation of colonial society and culture, including the beliefs and social ranks of the immigrants, the people who came as leaders and those who became ones, the need or desire for. The Colonial Period President of Harvard College, and author, inter alia, of that characteristically Puritan book, An Essay for the Recording of Illustrious Providences. Cotton Mather himself was a monster of erudition and a prodigy of diligence. He was graduated from Harvard at fifteen. During the colonial period from to an “American” way of life emerged, differing from Old World European culture. This new lifestyle developed from the interaction of five major groups, including the; Native Americans, Chesapeake colonies, New England .
From the Secret Diary of William Byrd What follows are selected entries from the diary of William Byrd, a gentleman from Virginia who is representative of the southern landed aristocracy. Byrd's diary was kept in a secret shorthand and discovered only in the twentieth century.
It provides insight into the mind of a southern gentleman. Byrd's diary also lets us see the daily schedule and the thoughts of a gentleman.
Byrd committed to his diary some of his most private thoughts and actions. These entries focus especially on Byrd's relationship with his wife, his treatment of servants, his daily diet, his description of medical practices, and his observations of nature.United States History - Primary Resources The Colonial Era Enter Search Words Search.
United States History - Primary Resources: The Colonial Era Home; Pre-Colonial America ; The Colonial Era ; The American Revolution Early American and Colonial period to "Packed .
Next Essay. Throughout the 17 th However, when Parliament attempted to tighten control of the colonial governments and make the colonists pay for their fair share of the war, colonists were furious at the attack on their freedoms. You just finished American Identity and Unity. Nice work! Previous Essay Next Essay. Tip: Use ← → keys. The Colonial Period President of Harvard College, and author, inter alia, of that characteristically Puritan book, An Essay for the Recording of Illustrious Providences. Cotton Mather himself was a monster of erudition and a prodigy of diligence. He was graduated from Harvard at fifteen. Colonial Ways of Life Documents. Choose from the following titles: Colonial Ways of Life - Document Overview; A variety of factors influenced the formation of colonial society and culture, including the beliefs and social ranks of the immigrants, the people who came as leaders and those who became ones, the need or desire for.
Colonial Ways of Life Documents. Choose from the following titles: Colonial Ways of Life - Document Overview; A variety of factors influenced the formation of colonial society and culture, including the beliefs and social ranks of the immigrants, the people who came as leaders and those who became ones, the need or desire for.
Politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from Essay Sample. 1) Background on both Massachusetts and Virginia. a) The London Virginia Company founded Virginia in i) Started with Jamestown. “CHAPTER 2: The Colonial Period.” USIA. 10 Oct.
Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from Essay Throughout to colonies in Massachusetts and The Social and Economic Differences of Virginia and Massachusetts The colonial period was an important time period in our history.
The Colonial Period "Heaven and earth never agreed better to frame a place for man's habitation." John Smith, founder of the colony of Virginia, Growth Of Slavery In Southern Colonies Between And APUSH Unit 1 Essay: The Colonial Period Slavery was a major part of southern colonial life between and , and grew exponentially due to the encouragement of the economic, geographic, and social factors in the Southern colonies during that era Things such as .