The series of border violations, which are unbearable to a great power, prove that the Poles no longer are willing to respect the German frontier.
It is also a moral question emblematic of the Allied response to the plight of the Jews during the Holocaust. Moreover, it is a question that has been posed to a series of presidents of the United States.
Aerial reconnaissance photograph of Auschwitz II—Birkenau extermination camp in German-occupied Poland taken in September during one of four bombing missions conducted in the area. Click on each quadrant for enlargement.
Every bomb filled us with joy and gave us new confidence in life. The world knew and kept silent. The documents that you, Mr. President, handed to the chairman of your Commission on the Holocaust, testify to that effect. First to the historical issues: The question of bombing Auschwitz first arose in the summer ofmore than two years after the gassing of Jews had begun and at a time when more than 90 percent of the Jews who were killed in the Holocaust were already dead.
It could not have arisen earlier because not enough was known specifically about Auschwitz, and the camps were outside the range of Allied bombers.
By June information concerning the camps and their function was available—or could have been made available—to those undertaking the mission. German air defenses were weakened, and the accuracy of Allied bombing was increasing.
All that was required was the political will to order the bombing. Before the summer ofAuschwitz was not the most lethal of the six Nazi extermination camps.
The Nazis had killed more Jews at Treblinkawhere betweenandJews were killed in the 17 months of its operation, and at Belzecwherewere killed in less than 10 months. In the Nazis closed both camps. Their mission, the destruction of Polish Jewry, had been completed.
But during the summer of Auschwitz overtook the other death camps not only in the number of Jews killed but in the pace of destruction. The condition of the Jews was desperate. In March Germany invaded Hungary. In April the Nazis confined the Hungarian Jews to ghettos.
To accommodate the newly arriving Hungarian Jews, the Nazis built a railroad spur directly into Auschwitz-Birkenau. Because the Nazis sent four of five arriving Jews directly to their death, the extermination camp was strained beyond capacity. The gas chambers were operating around the clock, and the crematoria were so overtaxed that bodies were burned in open fields with body fat fueling the flames.
Any interruption in the killing process might have saved thousands of lives. Yet bombing a concentration camp filled with innocent, unjustly imprisoned civilians also posed a moral dilemma for the Allies.
To be willing to sacrifice innocent civilians, one would have had to perceive accurately conditions in the camp and to presume that interrupting the killing process would be worth the loss of life in Allied bombings. In short, one would have had to know that those in the camps were about to die.
Such information was not available until the spring of On April 10,two men escaped from Auschwitz: Rudolph Vrba and Alfred Wetzler. They made contact with Slovak resistance forces and produced a substantive report on the extermination camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
In great detail, they documented the killing process. Their report, replete with maps and other specific details, was forwarded to Western intelligence officials along with an urgent request to bomb the camps.Why wasn't Auschwitz bombed Should the Allies have bombed Auschwitz-Birkenau in / The United States’ history would have been changed.
The Cold War would have escalated to a full fledged war, or not even happened. Let us find you another Essay on topic Why wasn't Auschwitz bombed Should the Allies have bombed Auschwitz . Deathbed confessions. photos support claims that George H.
Scherf(f), Jr., was the 41st U.S. president. According to Otto Skorzeny, pictured is the Scherff family and a few friends (circa ). Invasion of Poland; Part of World War II: From left to right: Luftwaffe bombers over Poland, SMS Schleswig-Holstein attacking the Westerplatte, Wehrmacht soldiers destroying the Polish-German border post, German tank and armored car formation, German and Soviet troops shaking hands following the invasion, Bombing of Warsaw.
It culminated in the publication of The Bombing of Auschwitz: Should the Allies Have Attempted It? (), a volume of essays stemming from a symposium jointly sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
- Many debates still arise surrounding the Holocaust. One such debate is whether the Allies could have and should have carried out a bombing on Auschwitz.
During WWII, the leaders of the Allied forces were confronted with the decision of whether to bomb the crematoriums at Auschwitz II (Auschwitz-Birkenau). Two Jewish “Holocaust survivors” discuss football at Auschwitz-Monowitz and Gross-Rosen.
The Auschwitz Swimming Pool A camp swimming pool for use by the inmates on Birkenallee, where there were walkways with comfortable benches for inmates to relax in the shade of the trees.