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Given the often-humid climate, conventional wineries rely heavily on harmful chemicals which incidently find their way into the wine as measurable residues, and the region made the headlines for having a rocketing cancer rate especially among its children 5 times the national normwhich should add another drop to the awareness push regarding these profit-oriented practices in the vineyard.
Roughly his parcels lies on 3 different geologic soils, the first group which make up the historic surface of the family is around the winery, sitting in the middle of the golden zone of Yquem, Suduiraut and Rieussec, then they have 4 hectares in the Barsac area with yet another geology, and lastly another almost 4 hectares near Fargues.
This variety was born toward the end of the 16th century and like all plants it evolved along the centuries and it became very fragile.
Of course these parcels are all on the Sauternes Appellation area but for other reasons Alain Dejean dumped tha AOC and labelled his wines as table wine today, Vin de France. Under the new system the people de-facto in charge are the ones that lobby for conventional farming and winemaking and meeting their new specifications is now akin to inevitably to use correcting technology and additives, which of course pushedAlain Dejean to the door when before with the "older version" of this AOC Sauternes there was still room to get the AOC label.
To make things worse and kind of humiliate and ruin the rebelsthat might still present their wines for the AOC, the Sauternes system requires the wines that failed to pass the AOC requirements to be destructed and dumped This sounds like a calculated ruthlessness from the part of the wine administration to force the wineries to keep making formatted wines and never dare make a try for real winemaking.
Of course this winemaking style implies also a conventional farming including the use of hormones to boost the size of the grapes.
On the chai side, according to the requirements all the juices have to go through cold settling and there are tasting and color requirements that can be reached only through the use of additives If you have courage to spare today and want to get a taste of the French wine bureaucracy, you can have a glimpse at these ODG Sauternes rules, here and also here you may drown your sorrow in a glass of conventional Sauternes after that for a complete headache.
The other basket press What Alain Dejean bemoans is that sales of Sauternes have been down year after year in spite of the possibility to make gems in this Appellation. Alain Dejean is the only one among the producers to make [table-wine labelled] Sauternes wines that are the real version as opposed to the highly-corrected call it industrial Sauternes.
The big player for example who heads the ODG Sauternes is supposedly farming organic but his vinification is high on additives and technology, but the consumer only learns about the farming type and not about the vinification tricks.
This residues issue in the wines is one of the hidden secrets less and less hidden nowadays of Bordeaux which like Champagne has been using chemicals on a much grander zscale than the other wine regions. There is also no SO2 sprinkled on the incoming grapes on harvest day, he says he only uses herb teas on his vines.
He says that sulfites are made with oil and ammonium acid, they were created around when they were separated from oil through bombing with ammonium acid during the production of gaz for the first engines and automobiles.
The resulting product is also a component in herbicides, detergents and paintings. He says that when a grower uses fungicides against mycelium, mildew and oidium he kills in the process other mycelium living in the soil that are very useful for the soil life because they facilitate the decomposition of leaves and plants and the building of humus among other things.
He says that for the conventional wineries to speak about terroir wines when the soil has lost its life is deceitful. Sleeping wine Alain Dejean works with several people on these soil studies, including Lydia Bourguignon who with her husband Claude have a long record and expertise on the matter, and to help a given soil to recover from its deficiencies, they seed it with bacteria, the research helping them define the right bacteria needed here.
Seeding bacteria is not an istant, miracle solution, as the soil will still need about 12 years before fully recovering from the lasting damages caused by chemical vineyard management. He even says that certain soils are in such dire state that they may need 50 years to recover, some may even never recover He says he naively believed it, although he had already a feeling through what he saw in these commissions about what these "new" Sauternes wines would be like under the ODG settings.
Comes the harvest and months later the ODG-derived Quali Bordeaux checks, and his wines were said not to fit to their requirements, and this, with no possibility to present them a 2nd time and on top of that the order to destroy the wines as required in these new ODG rules.
He says that had his training and background only been agricultural he would have been unable to fight back and avoid the destruction order of his wine, meaning a potential bankruptcy for his domaine, in short these people could coldly tell him to go bankrupt, and they knew what they were doing.
Another positive fallout of this battle behind the scenes is that, he says, "they" will certainly think twice before attacking him again, not about the same issue as he now bottles everything in table wine, but they couild be tempted to go after him again because even with his table-wine labels, he is a threat to their fame because his wines are the living proof by contrast of their doomed vinification and soil management.Agriculture (a term which encompasses farming) is the process of producing food, feed, fiber, fuel, and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and ashio-midori.comltural products have been a main stay of the human diet for many thousands of years.
The earliest known farming has been found to have derived from Southeast Asia almost 10, years ago. Farming Agriculture Growing Food Cultivating Land Raising Stock. Soil: Soil, the biologically active, porous medium that has developed in the uppermost layer of Earth’s crust.
It is one of the principal substrata of life on Earth, serving as a reservoir of water and nutrients, as a medium for the filtration and breakdown of wastes, and as a participant in the cycling of elements.
The environmental impact of agriculture is the effect that different farming practices have on the ecosystems around them, and how those effects can be traced back to those practices. The environmental impact of agriculture varies based on the wide variety of agricultural practices employed around the world.
Ultimately, the environmental impact . Agriculture is often regarded as the human hallmark that allowed for the development of modern technologies. But recent evidence seems to suggest that it . Agricultural History and New BioTechnology Information.
A rt, science, and industry of managing the growth of plants and animals for human use. In a broad sense agriculture includes cultivation of the soil, growing and harvesting crops, breeding and raising of livestock, dairying, and forestry.